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Field guide to meteors and meteorites
Norton, O. Richard.
Adult Nonfiction QB741 .N67 2008

Comments  Summary  Contents

ContentsPage
Preface-A Personal Notep. vii
Acknowledgementsp. ix
Introductionp. 1
Part I - Ancient Fragments of the Solar System
1 - Interplanetary Dust and Meteorsp. 5
Interplanetary Dust Particles (IDPs)p. 6
Lifetime of IDPsp. 6
The Zodiacal Lightp. 7
Photographing the Zodiacal Lightp. 8
Collecting IDPs-No Job for an Amateurp. 9
Physical Properties of IDPsp. 10
Deep Sea IDPsp. 11
Collecting IDPs in Space-The Stardust Missionp. 12
Meteorsp. 14
Sporadic Meteorsp. 15
Meteor Showersp. 16
Early Radio Observations of Meteor Showersp. 18
Meteor Outbursts and Meteor Stormsp. 19
The Great Leonid Meteor Stormsp. 20
Techniques of Observing and Photographing Meteorsp. 20
References and Useful Web Sitesp. 22
2 - Meteorites: Fragments of Asteroidsp. 23
Asteroids in Historyp. 23
Main Asteroid Beltp. 24
Asteroids and the Titius-Bode Rulep. 24
Discovery of the First Asteroidsp. 25
Cataloging and Naming New Asteroidsp. 27
From Asteroid Belt to Earthp. 27
Near-Earth Objectsp. 28
Trojan Asteroidsp. 29
An Important Job for Dedicated Amateur Astronomersp. 29
The Five Major NEO Surveysp. 30
Comparing Asteroids with Meteoritesp. 30
4 Vestap. 33
1 Ceresp. 34
Asteroid Close Encountersp. 35
253 Mathildep. 36
433 Erosp. 36
Hayabusap. 38
The Dawn Mission to 4 Vesta and 1 Ceresp. 40
Manned Missionsp. 40
References and Useful Web Sitesp. 41
3 - Meteoroids to Meteorites: Lessons in Survivalp. 43
Atmospheric Entryp. 43
Fireballsp. 44
Light, Sound and Heatp. 44
Ablationp. 45
Brecciated Meteorites and Multiple Fallsp. 48
The Strewn Fieldp. 52
Meteorite Surface Featuresp. 53
The Primary Fusion Crustp. 53
The Secondary Fusion Crustp. 58
Angularity of Stonesp. 58
Regmaglypts, Flow Features and Oriented Meteoritesp. 58
The Big Onesp. 65
Weathering of Meteoritesp. 68
Mechanical Weatheringp. 68
Chemical Weatheringp. 68
References and Useful Web Sitesp. 70
Magazinesp. 71
Useful web sites with informationp. 71
Part II - The Family of Meteorites
4 - The Chondritesp. 75
Primary Minerals in Chondritic Stony Meteoritesp. 76
Olivinep. 77
Pyroxenesp. 77
Iron-Nickel Mineralsp. 77
Accessory Mineralsp. 78
Troilitep. 78
Iron Oxidep. 78
Plagioclase Feldsparp. 78
Elemental Abundances in Chondritic Meteoritesp. 78
Chemical Types of Ordinary Chondritesp. 78
Petrographic Types of Ordinary Chondritesp. 81
Ordinary Chondritesp. 84
Enstatite Chondritesp. 86
R Chondritesp. 88
Carbonaceous Chondritesp. 90
A Chondrule Galleryp. 106
5 - Primitive and Differentiated Meteorites: Asteroidal Achondritesp. 113
Differentiationp. 114
Achondritesp. 115
Primitive Achondritesp. 116
Asteroidal Achondritesp. 120
6 - Differentiated Meteorites: Planetary and Lunar Achondritesp. 135
Martian SNC groupp. 136
ALH 84001p. 142
Lunar Achondritesp. 144
Useful Web Sitesp. 145
7 - Differentiated Meteorites: The Ironsp. 149
Alloys of Iron-nickel Meteoritesp. 149
Chemical Classification of Iron Meteoritesp. 151
IAB Groupp. 151
IC Groupp. 151
IIAB Groupp. 152
IIC Groupp. 152
IID Groupp. 152
IIE Groupp. 152
IIF Groupp. 152
IIG Groupp. 152
IIIAB Groupp. 153
IIICD Groupp. 153
IIIE Groupp. 153
IIIF Groupp. 153
IVA Groupp. 153
IVB Groupp. 154
Ungrouped Irons or IRUNGRp. 154
Hexahedritesp. 154
Octahedritesp. 156
Ataxitesp. 162
Silicated Ironsp. 164
8 - Differentiated Meteorites: Stony-Ironsp. 167
Pallasitesp. 168
Main Group Pallasitesp. 168
Eagle Station Pallasitesp. 169
The Pyroxene Pallasitesp. 169
Mesosideritesp. 172
9 - A Gallery of Meteorwrongsp. 175
Part III - Collecting and Analyzing Meteorites
10 - In the Fieldp. 183
What Should you Look for?p. 189
Hunting with Metal Detectorsp. 192
What are your Meteorites Worth?p. 195
Is Collecting Meteorites Legal?p. 196
Final Thoughtsp. 197
Useful Web Sitesp. 198
Information on Antarctic meteoritesp. 198
Information on old falls and findsp. 199
Information on meteorite lawp. 199
Information on metal detectors and huntingp. 199
Referencesp. 199
11 - From Hand Lens to Microscopep. 201
Using the Petrographic Microscopep. 201
What Is a Thin Section?p. 202
What Are Interference Colors?p. 203
Make Your Own Simple Petrographic Microscopep. 205
How to Adjust and Use the Petrographic Microscopep. 206
Light Source, Brightness, and Blue Filterp. 207
Iris Diaphragm and Conoscopic Lensp. 207
Polarizing Filtersp. 208
Rotating Stagep. 208
Bertrand Lensp. 208
Focus Controlsp. 208
Objectives and Eyepiecesp. 208
Mechanical Stagep. 209
Centering Screwsp. 209
Trinocular Headp. 209
Care and Cleaningp. 209
Measuring the Size of Objects in Thin Sectionsp. 210
Using Reflected Light and Transmitted Lightp. 212
Examining Meteorites in Thin Sectionp. 214
Identifying the Building Blocks of Meteoritesp. 214
Classifying Your Chondritep. 222
Textures-Their Look and Meaningp. 223
The Look of Shock-Textures and Stagesp. 229
Weathering-The Enemy of Meteoritesp. 229
Photographing Thin Sectionsp. 231
Macro (Close-Up) Photographyp. 233
Photography Through the Microscopep. 234
Useful Web Sitesp. 237
Referencesp. 237
Appendices
1 - Minerals in Meteoritesp. 239
2 - Petrographic Typesp. 247
3 - Useful Testsp. 249
4 - Etching Iron Meteoritesp. 255
5 - Unit Conversionsp. 259
6 - Composition Percentagesp. 261
7 - Equipment, Storage, and Displayp. 263
Glossaryp. 267
Meteorite Indexp. 281
General Indexp. 285


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