Frank B. Kellogg Collection M/A 1994.12.01
|Title:||Frank B. Kellogg Collection|
|Dates:||1920-1947, bulk 1929-1930|
|Repository:||James K. Hosmer Special Collections Library|
Frank Billings Kellogg was born on December 22nd, 1856 in Potsdam, New York. His family later moved to Rochester, Minnesota, where Kellogg went on to study law. He initally served as the city attorney for Rochester, Minnesota and later Olmsted County before moving to St. Paul in 1886. While there he attracted the interest of Theodore Roosevelt who appointed him as a special prosecutor in the court case that would force the breakup of Standard Oil.
Kellogg continued to practice law in St. Paul and would later take an interest in politics. He was elected to the Senate from Minnesota as a Republican in 1916, though later lost his bid for re-election in 1922. He served in various diplomatic positions and, in 1925, was named Secretary of State for Calvin Coolidge. As Secretary of State, Kellogg's most significant accomplishment was the Kellogg-Briand Pact signed in 1928. Originally intended to be a treaty between France and the United States renouncing the use of war, Kellogg pushed for opening the treaty to all countries; dozens of other countries went on to sign it. Kellogg was awarded the 1929 Nobel Peace Prize in recognition of his work on the pact.
Kellogg went on to serve as a judge on the Permanent Court of International Justice in The Hague, The Netherlands from 1930 to 1935. In 1937 he suffered a stroke and would later die of pneumonia in St. Paul, MN on December 21, 1937.
One box. The collection consists of 6 folders containing clippings, drawings and photographs, and correspondence concerning Kellogg. The correspondence is largely letters from Mr. Donald Cowling, President of Carleton College, writing on behalf of Kellogg to various public figures soliciting testimonials for the Nobel Prize Committee.
Cowling, Donald J., (Donald John), 1880-1965
Kellogg, Frank Billings, 1856-1937
Minnesota -- Politics and government.
United States -- Foreign relations -- 20th century.
Table of Contents
|Clippings 1922-1947 -- Box 1, Folder 1|
|Kellogg Pact 1928 -- Box 1, Folder 2|
|Drawings and Portraits 1920-1939 -- Box 1, Folder 3|
|Nobel Prize Correspondence 1929-1930 -- Box 1, Folder 4|
|Nobel Prize Letters: Carleton College 1930 -- Box 1, Folder 5|
|Nobel Prize Letters: Governor's Office 1930 -- Box 1, Folder 6|
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